Should You Resubmit?

Factors

Reviewers are sometimes quite negative about a paper as written.
But they may see significant potential, such as a unique data set
that was not well used.
However, it is not clear that even if authors can redo the analyses,
the (yet unknown) results will be interesting enough to publish.
The decision letter usually explains this.

Reviewers’ comments are sometimes conflicting.
One of the Editor’s jobs is to resolve the more extreme conflicts.
More information is usually requested by the reviewers.
The paper is almost always
too long and needs to be cut.
Your decision to resubmit should consider reviewers comments.

Resubmission

Check the time limit.
Include a cover letter to the Editor with your resubmitted manuscript.
First, a short paragraph explaining how you improved the manuscript.
Next, respond to each reviewer individually, addressing EVERY critical point that was made.
Thank the reviewers where appropriate, be firm when you are right, and DO NOT overreact.

Most Papers will Eventually be Published!

Cumulative Advantage of Frequently Published Scientists
Accrue "large increments of peer recognition...in contrast to the minimizing or withholding of such recognition for
scientists who have not yet made their mark"

Or, the more you are published, the more you are likely to publish
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